The Myth of Authentic Pho Vietnam

The first thing you can not miss when setting foot in Vietnam is enjoying a hot bowl of Vietnamese Pho soup. Pho Vietnam is a traditional Vietnamese dish, which became one of the famous hearty soups eaten by rice field workers at breakfast in the North. 

Pho is much more than just a noodle soup. It’s part of the culture and lifestyle of the Vietnamese. Pho also represents the heart and soul of Vietnamese cuisine in all big cities such as Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, and Nam Dinh.

What Makes a Bowl of Authentic Vietnam Pho?

Pho Viet Nam

A delicious bowl of Pho is the result of subtle simmering meat, beef bones, seasonings, and aromatics. On top of it, people usually add various Vietnamese herbs including green onions and coriander. This dish is well-served by thin slices of meat, basically beef and sometimes chicken. The texture and flavor of the soup are not too heavy so it can be a perfect breakfast meal.

Beef Broth 

The art of cooking Pho is making a clear soup from beef broth. While boiling the broth, we need to skim off the fat and impurities on the surface for 15 minutes. By doing that, we can ensure a clean and clear broth. 

Besides, to make the broth beefier and sweeter, we can use either brisket or shank bones to the broth.


We will char aromatics such as ginger and onions in a grill pan for 5-10 minutes, then slowly simmer to the broth. 


Vietnamese Beef pho spice blend consists of star anise (hoa hồi), cinnamon (quế), black cardamom pod (thảo quả), coriander seed (hạt ngò), and fennel seed (tiểu hồi), clove (đinh hương). You should toast them in a frying pan for 5 minutes until it has a pleasant smell

Other ingredients

To enrich the flavor, we should add fish sauce, sugar, and salt. If you cook in the Northern style, you just need to add a small amount of sugar. However, you can tweak the amount of sugar and fish sauce to satisfy your taste. 

The History of Vietnamese Pho Soup

Some believe Pho originated in Nam Dinh while some dispute that it is a spiritual home in Hanoi. 

The history of Pho begins at the end of the 19th century – the peak time of French colonialism. Pho was inspired by both Chinese and French cooking styles. As a result of French colonialism, beef was readily available in Vietnam. China exported rice noodles and seasoning. 

Some believe that the dish is derived from “pot au feu” a French soup. In the north of Vietnam, Vietnam Pho gained popularity with Chinese workers from Yunnan to Hanoi. 

Pho Vietnam

By the 1930s, the Pho stall had become a signature of the Hanoi Old Quarter. 

The best type of Vietnamese pho soup

There are two styles of traditional Pho Vietnam: beef pho and chicken pho. 

Pho Vietnam

Depending on each preference, the diner can select various meat choices. For a more traditional pho experience, beef flank (nạm) Pho and slices of rare beef (tái) Pho are the most popular. Well-done brisket (bò chín) or fatty brisket (gầu) for adventurous eaters. 

Northern Pho Vietnam

Pho in the North is known as pho bac. The dish is known as authentic Pho in northern Vietnam. The spotlight of Pho bac is on the clear and light broth. Other spices create refined undertones of flavor. 

The main ingredients are flat rice noodles and thin slices of rare beef or chicken. The green onion will be on the top. To enrich the flavor, the diners can add more fish sauce, chili sauce, rice vinegar, and a slice of lemon. 

The most popular Hanoi Pho

Bat Dan Vietnam Pho Restaurant

At Bat Dan, there are three different kinds of meat. Pho Tai which is the signature pho bac, with thinly cut slices of rare beef steak. Pho Chin, with slices of brisket. The last one is Pho Tai Nam – a mixture of slices of rare beef steak and beef flank with slices of brisket. 

To enjoy the taste completely of Hanoi pho, you should eat it with quẩy – fried breadsticks and take a sip of iced tea. This combination will satisfy all your senses. If you have a chance to visit Hanoi, please stop by here to slurp a hot bowl of Ha Noi Pho.

Pho Vietnam

Address: 49 Bát Đàn, Hanoi

Hours: Open every day from 6:00 am to 10:00 am and 6:00 pm to 8:30 pm.

Prices: 40,000 VND to 50,000 VND per person

Chicken Pho 

Pho Vietnam

You can choose a different kind of chicken meat for your toppings, such as dark meat, breast meat, or a combination of white and dark meat. The flavor of chicken pho will be lighter compared to beef Pho.

Address: 5b Phủ Doãn Hà nội

Hours: Open every day from 6:30 am to 1:00 pm and 5:00 pm to 0:00 am.

Prices: 50,000 VND to 60,000 VND per person

Southern Vietnamese Pho soup

Compared to Pho from the North, Southern pho has sweeter and bolder flavors. Southern Pho consists of many fresh herbs on the top such as bean sprouts and coriander. Saigonese adds more beef fat and sugar to the broth, which enhances the sweetness and richness of flavors. 

Pho Phu Vuong

You can choose the size of the Pho (regular, large, and special). The pho is served in three options including skirt steak, brisket beef, and flank steak. The bowl of pho is also topped with a ton of herbs and vegetables.

Address: 120 Nguyễn Thái Bình, District 1, Ho Chi Minh

Hours: Open every day from 7:00 am to 10:00 pm

Pho Vietnam

Prices: 50,000 VND for one regular bowl of Pho Soup

To conclude, Pho Vietnam is not only a flavorful dish but also a pride of the Vietnamese people. Vietnamese pho soup is a symbol of Vietnamese cuisine culture. When traveling to Vietnam, no matter where you go, let’s enjoy a bowl of Pho to make your trip more memorable. 

Asianway Travel currently has a Hanoi Cultural & Culinary Experience Day Tour. Let’s pack your bag and dig into a delicious bowl of Pho.

Banh Mi Viet Nam In A Wrap: Everything You Need To Know

banh mi viet nam

On the worldwide culinary map, banh mi Viet Nam has a spotlight among all kinds of bread and sandwich. What makes them different and special like this? Let’s discover the stories of banh mi with Asiapaths

The History of Banh Mi Viet Nam

Define and pronounce Banh mi Viet Nam in the right way

Before exploring Vietnamese bread, maybe you should start with the pronunciation and definition. Banh mi is a Vietnamese word, which means bread in English. It was officially added to the Oxford dictionary in 2011 as ​a type of Vietnamese baguette sandwich filled with cold meats, pate, and vegetables.

To be more clear, banh mi Vietnam is traditionally baked with rice and wheat flour. The bread filling is the most special part of this food: it is filled with various ingredients normally including meat, fresh Vietnamese vegetables, chili, and peppers. Furthermore, having the original name in an international dictionary makes Vietnamese people very proud. It means that we are spreading Vietnamese cuisine throughout the world.

The History of Vietnamese Bread

In the beginning, banh mi was derived from the French baguette because the French wanted to satisfy their culinary needs. Baguette is a type of bread that can be distinguished by its length and its crispy crust. French bread is usually 5–6 cm but up to one meter long. From the 50 to the 60s of the 20th century, with the increase of bakeries and the improvement of ingredients, Vietnamese people improved bread by shrinking 2-3 times and extra ingredients such as meat, pork rolls, pate…

The first banh mi brand was in Saigon. Then, banh mi became the most wanted food nationally in Viet Nam, glued with the childhood of many generations of this S-shaped land. Today, banh mi is a well-known fast food due to its diversity, convenience, and affordability.

For more than 100 years, banh mi had some great milestones. In 2012, Vietnamese bread was awarded the title of “The best sandwich in the World” by The Guardian newspaper 2012. In 2013, banh mi Vietnam was voted by National Geographic magazine as one of the 11 best street foods in the world. In 2017, Vietnamese bread is one of the best street foods in the world” voted by the British travel magazine Rough Guides.

Nowadays, tourists can enjoy the soul of Vietnam in multiple places in the world. Everywhere Vietnamese people live, you can find famous bread in Viet Nam restaurants. In the USA, there is Banh Mi Saigon in New York, Bun Mee in San Francisco, and a restaurant chain of world renown Lee’s Sandwiches in the southern region of America. In Canada, you will see Banh Mi Boys in Toronto and Banh Mi Thi-Thi in Calgary. In Prague, the Czech Republic, everyone can have bread at Banh Mi Ba và Mr. Banh Mi.

Inside A Loaf Of Banh Mi Viet Nam

Exploring the inside of banh mi will make you surprised not only because of the nutritious ingredients but also because of the fulfillment of taste.

The soft crumb inside, the crunchy crust outside 

Right on the first bite, you will be impressed by the crunchiness of the loaf but still soft like cotton candy inside. Most banh mi made of white wheat flour will have a yellow appearance, besides some kinds of banh mi such as charcoal, whole wheat bread will give a kind of black or brown bread. Whatever the main ingredients are, there is no huge effect on the flavor and the crunchy texture of banh mi.

The nutritious ingredients

Plenty of ingredients in banh mi will be the most important part of each loaf. The popular ingredients are pork meat, beef, beacons, char siu, fried eggs, spring rolls, or fish balls, … To balance the flavor of meat, there is a wide range of vegetables, like cucumber, onion, and must-have Vietnamese herbs. The herbs can be peppermint, sweet basil, or scallion… depending on the kind of banh mi. Finally, the sauce is the determinant of the taste explosion! The sauce can be sweet, salty, or sour, and usually contains fish sauce, mayonnaise, honey, butter, chili, garlic… Whatever it is, with the appearance of sauce soup, the combination of each bread can be completed magically, which becomes unforgettable for everyone.

One notable thing is: Even when it’s full of input, every restaurant in different regions of Vietnam can have its recipe and keep it a secret. That’s why when you go to Hanoi, you will find the strange taste of banh mi that will represent only Hanoi, unfamiliar with the same kind of banh mi in Hoian. You can find more information in the next part of the blog, so keep reading and stay with us!

The Difference Between Banh Mi Viet Nam And The Others In The World

You’ve known a lot of things about the history and flavors of banh mi, but can you figure out what makes banh mi Viet Nam stand out among the world of sandwiches? The answer is, that Vietnamese people find distinctive ways and rare ingredients to make a loaf of banh mi. For example, coriander is the Vietnamese herb that foreigners hardly can find on Western sandwiches, even in the French – the mother of baguettes. Moreover, banh mi owns numerous versions for respective regions in Vietnam. Banh mi que is the most narrow sandwich with just liver pate and cilantro, used with handmade chili, derived from Hai Phong – a northern province of Vietnam. While banh mi in Hoi An City is famous for its deep flavor sauce and is full of various inputs.

The Difference Between Kinds Of Banh Mi Viet Nam

Banh mi is a street food therefore it can easily hold the unique fusion between each region in Vietnam. In the article Boundary, Asianway Travel will present to you the 3 most famous kinds of banh mi street food. Along with that, if you have a chance to visit Vietnam, please visit these addresses as we mention below to grab yourself the most authentic Vietnamese bread.

Banh mi Hanoi

As the capital of Vietnam, Hanoi holds several signature dishes of the country. The filling inside each loaf is not redundant but has some essential ingredients: pate, pork chop, chicken, corn, coriander, and some light slices of spring rolls. The spices are usually butter, mayonnaise, and chili with the same version for Pho. Banh mi Hanoi seems to be simple, and traditional; however, the crunchy bite and the balanced flavor of it can be the memorable mild sweet banh mi.

Banh mi Pho in Hanoi: 57C Dinh Tien Hoang street, Hoan Kiem ward, Hanoi. The price is 30.000 VND per loaf.

Banh mi Hai Phong

The most unique kind of banh mi can be given to Hai Phong. Because of its small size, Vietnamese people call it Banh mi que (Stick bread). The input is even more simple than the banh mi Hanoi: just with pate and chili. But the liver pate is cooked with a nice recipe that is soft, delicious, and sweet. The chili for that banh mi is significantly spicy, so you can feel numbing hot on the tip of your tongue. However, the experience is interesting. Make sure you pack at least 10 pieces of banh mi Hai Phong per purchase, we are sure this is an unputdownable dish for you.

Banh mi que Ba Gia (Spicy stick bread) in Hai Phong: 57 Le Loi Street, Ngo Quyen district, Hải Phong. The price is 3.000 VND per piece.

Banh mi Hoi An

Banh mi Hoi An is famous for its diversity of ingredients. In each restaurant, you can find more than 10 flavors of banh mi: ham, sausages, pork barbecue, cheese… Each banh mi has a medium size but a thick filling inside, so when you take the first bite, you will want to eat more and more. Moreover, due to different recipes, the butter and the sauce are exclusive for each shop, which makes the flavors of banh mi Hoi An even tastier and more numerous.

Banh mi Phuong in Hoi An: 2B Phan Chu Trinh Street, Hoi Anh ward, Quang Nam city, Vietnam. The price is around 30.000 VND per piece.

Banh mi Saigon

The most interesting banh mi area can be known here – Saigon. This city is like a world of banh mi because you can find banh mi on every corner of Saigon, especially in multiple glasses cabinets in the street. The nonstop growing speed of banh mi brands here is incredible, which can present the culture of banh mi in Saigon. The ingredients for each loaf of banh mi are not too much different from those in other parts of Vietnam. But it is well known for the diversity of the local needs. With the fast pace of life, Sai Gon citizens usually have banh mi for their breakfast, lunch, afternoon break, or dinner with lemon tea, kumquat tea, or peach tea. Moreover, the unique recipe, and always trying the new formula make banh mi Saigon get more special.

Ma Hai Bread in Ho Chi Minh City: Plenty of cabinets in Ho Chi Minh. The price can be from 25.000 VND per loaf.

How Banh Mi Conquers The World

Becoming one of the most favorite dishes in Vietnamese cuisine, bread in Vietnam gradually appears in many worldwide events and awards. There is plenty of global awards for bread in Vietnam, such as:

In 2017, Vietnamese bread was in the top 10 most attractive sandwiches in the world according to Traveler

In 2017, bread is one of the best street foods in the world” voted by the British travel magazine Rough Guides

In November 2017, during his trip to Vietnam to attend the APEC Summit Week, Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull also had breakfast with bread on the streets of Da Nang.

In 2018, the CNN page favored Hoi An’s banh mi as “the king of sandwiches in the world”. 

In August 2018, the famous American travel magazine Fodor voted Vietnamese bread as one of the 30 sandwiches in the world that people must try.

In the framework of Miss Universe 2018 in Thailand, the image of bread appeared in Miss H’s costume and caused great resonance.

On March 24, 2020, Vietnamese Bread appeared on the Google homepage of more than 10 countries.

Although Vietnamese banh mi is just a portion of ordinary street food, with its delicious taste and constant variation, banh mi has fascinated the whole world.

A journey to have a banh mi Viet Nam

Thanks to the delicious food, Vietnam welcomes millions of tourists annually. More than a dish, banh mi is one of the culinary pride in the cultural identity of Vietnamese people. It would be our pleasure to have you on our vacation. Come and visit our beautiful S-shaped land and enjoy our local meals. Asianway Travel has almost 20 years of experience in inbound tour operations. We are here to give you the most effective customer service and customized trips.